MENGENAL FILSAFAT ANTARA METODE PRAKTIK DAN PEMIKIRAN SOCRATES, PLATO DAN ARISTOTELES

Mahfud Mahfud, Patsun Patsun

Sari


Abstract: Philosophy as the parent of all science is an important study that needs to be studied, the goal is that the deepest meaning in the context of thinking becomes clearer. So that inevitably philosophical studies need to be introduced in various forms. In a more explicit context that philosophy is an attempt to invite humans to be able to use the potential of extraordinary extraordinary intelligence is able to reveal all the deepest meanings of every inch of scientific analysis that has become knowledge. In this context philosophy as a field of contemplation which leads to ways to discover the nature of what is called love of wisdom can lead us to maturity of thought so that in time it will arrive at the desired essence in philosophy. Furthermore, to find out how to achieve the essence of philosophy is by trying to recognize the method of the Systematic Method: we are known as the work of philosophy or the contents of the first philosophy (essence theory or we are familiar with the term ontology). Second is (our theory of knowledge is also familiar with the term epistemology). Third is (value theory and known as axiology). Historical Method, Critical method: this method is used by Socrates and Plato. Intuitive Method: this method is used by Plotinos and Bergson. Scholastic Method: this method was used by Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas in the Middle Ages. And next is to know other characteristics such as history, and the thoughts of the characters.

Keywords: Philosophy, methods, practices, thoughts of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Anshari, Endang Saifuddin. Ilmu Filsafat dan Agama. Surabaya: PT Bina Ilmu. 1987.

Anwar, Ali dan Tono TP. Rangkuman Ilmu Perbandingan Agama dan Filsafat. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2005.

Hadiwijono, Harun. Sari Sejarah Filsafat Barat 1. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1980.

Hakim, Atang Abdul dan Beni Ahmad Saebani. Filsafat Umum: Dari Metologi Sampai Teofilosofi. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2008.

Kaelan. Filsafat Bahasa: Realitas Bahasa, Logika Bahasa Hermeneutika dan Posmodernisme. Yogyakarta: Paradigma, 2002.

--------. Filsafat Pancasila: Pandangan Hidup Bangsa Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Paradigma, 2002.

Komara, Endang. Filsafat Ilmu dan Metodologi Penelitian. Bandung: Refika Aditama, 2011.

Mustansyir, Rizal dan Misnal Munir. Filsafat Ilmu. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2013.

Poedjawijatna. Pembimbing ke Arah Alam Filsafat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2002.

Poespoprodjo. Filsafat Moral: Kesusilaan dalam Teori dan Praktek. Bandung: Pustaka Grafika, 1999.

Solomon, Robert C. dan Kathleen M. Higgins. Sejarah Filsafat. Terj. Saut Pasaribu. Jogjakarta: Bentang Budaya, 2003.

Suharto, Toto. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam: Menguatkan Epistemologi Islam Dalam Pendidikan.Yogyakrta: Ar-ruzz Media, 2014.

Suseno, Franz Magnis. Pijar-Pijar Filsafat: Dari Gatholoco ke Filsafat Perempuan, Dari Adam Müller ke Posmodernisme. Yogyakarta: Kasinus, 2005.

Tafsir, Ahmad. Filsafat Umum: Akal dan Hati Sejak Thales Sampai Capra. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2012.

Tim Penyusun MKD. Pengantar Filsafat. Surabaya: IAIN Sunan Ampel Perss, 2011.

Tjahyadi, Simon Petrus L. Petualangan Intelektual: Konfrontasi Dengan Para Filsuf Dari Zaman Yunani Hingga Zaman Modern. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2004.

Zainuddin, M. Relasi Filsafat, Ilmu dan Agama: Menuju Paradigma Keilmuan Islami. pengatar dalam mata kuliah Filsafat Ilmu Program Pascasarjana STAIN Kediri 2012.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

Copyright © 2015 - STAI Hasan Jufri Bawean