KONTEKSTUALISASI MAKNA JIHAD DALAM POTRET KEINDONESIAAN: ANALISIS HERMENEUTIKA HASSAN HANAFI TERHADAP HADITS TENTANG PERANG

Authors

  • M. Syafiuddin Shobirin Universitas KH. A. Wahab Hasbullah Jombang

Keywords:

jihad, hadits, hermeneutika, Hassan Hanafi

Abstract

The term of jihad in recent years has become an interesting topic of conversation, especially after the term was used by radical groups to carry out acts of terror in the name of religion, and by using arguments from sacred texts, one of which is hadith. This paper aims to examine one of the hadiths which has an extreme meaning, "الجنة تحت ظلال السيوف", using the hermeneutic analysis knife offered by Hassan Hanafi. Historically, this hadith was used by the companions to encourage the mujahid during the war. However, if it is related to the present, interpreting the hadith as war is certainly not in accordance with the geographical conditions and the current time, especially if it is related to the Indonesian context. The war in the time of the Prophet was a sociological necessity that was carried out to defend against the attacks of the unbelievers. Meanwhile, in this era, the Indonesian people live on the principle of religious moderation, so that jihad which means war cannot be actualized. Thus Islam as rahmatan lil 'alamin will be realized. In this context, the hadith can be interpreted as all the efforts of a Muslim to be able to gain the pleasure of Allah.

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Published

2021-01-04